The large scale climate change experiments are located in vulnerable shrubland ecosystems representative for Europe at sites in Italy, the Netherlands, Hungary, United Kingdom and Denmark.
- represent continental, Atlantic and Mediterranean shrublands and span a natural gradient in mean annual temperature from c. 8°C in the North to c. 16°C in the South (Table 1).
- span a gradient in water input from 500 mm to 1700 mm with four of the sites limited by water
- span a gradient in atmospheric nitrogen deposition, which is believed to interact strongly with climate factors.
- represent different types of vulnerable shrubland ecosystems relevant for Europe, some of which are hosting endangered species (Table 2).
- in DK, NL and UK was established in 1998 and the sites in HU and IT in 2001. In 2004 the site Brandbjerg, DK was established.
For information on previous research and data gathered at the sites see the available metadatabase.